A language of Guyana

Alternate Names
Eremagok, Ingariko, Kapon

4,700 in Guyana (Forte 1990). Ethnic population: 5,000 (2000 J. Forte).


Potaro-Siparuni and Upper Takutu-Upper Essequibo regions: west central, upland savanna in Pakaraima mountains, about 13 villages.

Language Maps
Language Status

6b* (Threatened).


Reportedly similar to Macushi [mbc] but not inherently intelligible. Marginally intelligible of the Arecuna dialect of Pemon [aoc]. Reportedly most similar to Akawaio [ake], but vocabulary differences and language attitudes separate them.

Language Development

People in Paramakatoi village are literate in English and Patamona. Some in other villages only literate in English. NT: 1974–2011.


Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

The Akawaio [ake] are less acculturated than Patamona. Ingariko is the Macushi term for bush people.

Also spoken in:

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