E’ñapa Woromaipu

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A language of Venezuela

Alternate Names
Abira, Eñapa, Eñepa, E’ñepa, Eye, Panare, Panari
Population

3,540 (2001 census). No monolinguals. Nearly all women monolingual; men fairly bilingual in Spanish [spa]. Ethnic population: 4,270 (2001 census).

Location

Bolivar state: savannah and highland groups 240 km south of Caicara de Orinoco, west of Cuchivero river. 20 or more settlements.

Language Maps
Language Status

5 (Developing).

Typology

OVS, VOS.

Language Use

Also use Spanish [spa].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 1%–5%. Literacy rate in L2: 5%–25%. Grammar. NT: 2003.
Writing

Latin script [Latn].