L1 users: 18,700,000 (2013 SIL). Ethnic population: Possibly 49,600,000 Pashto in all countries. Total users in all countries: 21,038,000.
Khyber Pakhtunkwa province: Peshawar district and Yusufzai area; Federally Administered Tribal Areas Province, mainly central and northern areas; Punjab province: Mianwali district; all along Afghanistan border.
Ningraharian Pashto, Northeastern Pashto, Eastern Afghan Pashto. Much similarity with Northwestern Pashto in Afghanistan. Subdialects of Northeastern Pashto are Kohat (Khatak), Yusufzai (Peshawar), Afridi, Shinwari, Mohmand, Shilmani. Lexical similarity: 80% between Northeastern and Southwestern Pashto. A member of macrolanguage Pushto [pus].
SOV; noun head final; gender (masculine/feminine); no articles; case-marking (3 cases); verb affixes mark person, number, gender of subject; passives; tense and aspect; causatives.