Pnar

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A language of India

Population

243,000 (2001 census). Total users in all countries: 247,000.

Location

Assam state: North Cachar hills, Borolokha, Dibruchera and Jatinga; Karbi Anglong district, Ulukunchi; Meghalaya state: Khasi and Jaintia hills north of War Jaintia; Mizoram state: north Aizawl district.

Language Status

6a (Vigorous).

Dialects

Jaintia (Synteng), Nongtung. Formerly considered a dialect of Khasi [kha]. Jaintia dialect has 12 spoken forms: Jowai, Shangpung, Batau, Raliang, Sutnga, Sumer, Nartiang, Barato, Rymbai, Lakadong, Mynso, and Nongtalang. All are intelligible, except for Nongtalang, which is akin to Khmer [khm]. Jowai is standard spoken form. Lexical similarity: 68% with standard Khasi.

Language Use

Also use Bengali [ben], English [eng], Hindi [hin], Mizo [lus].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: 62% for Synteng dialect in Meghalaya (2001 census). Radio.
Writing

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

A Scheduled Tribe. Christian.

Also spoken in:

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