Nil, Pania, Paniyan, Panyah
L1 users: 94,000 (2003).
Karnataka state: Kodagu district; Kerala state: Kannur, Kozhikode, Malappuram, and Wayanad districts; Tamil Nadu state: west of Nilgiris hills.
Literacy rate in L2: 41% for Kerala, 26% for Tamil Nadu (2001 census).
A Scheduled Tribe. Hindu, traditional religion.