L1 users: 118,000 (2010 census), increasing. Ethnic population: 200,000 (Kloss and McConnell 1981). Total users in all countries: 133,000.
Scattered; Florida; Indiana; Iowa; Kansas; Missouri; Ohio; Oklahoma; Pennsylvania; Virginia; West Virginia; Wisconsin; new communities in other states.
Amish Pennsylvania German (Plain Pennsylvania German), Non-Amish Pennsylvania German (Non-Plain Pennsylvania German, Pensylvanisch Deitsch). Blending of several German dialects, primarily Rhenish Palatinate (Pfalzer) German, with syntactic elements of High German and English. Mostly incomprehensible to those from the Palatinate (Kloss 1978).
Latin script [Latn].
Separate orthographies for Pennsylvania and Ohio dialects. Christian.