2,500,000 in Pakistan (Lothers and Lothers 2007).
All but far north in Azad Kashmir; Punjab Province, Rawalpindi, Gujarat, and Jhelum districts; Islamabad; North-West Frontier, Abbottabad district.
Chibhali, Mirpuri, Pahari (Dhundi-Kairali), Pothwari (Potwari), Punchhi (Poonchi). ’Pahari’, hill language; Potwari is the language of the Pothwar Plateau. A chain of related varieties with Punjabi [pnb], Hindko [hno], [hnd], and Saraiki [skr], also called Greater Punjabi. Degree of similarity to Western Pahari varieties in India unknown. Lexical similarity: 76%–84% among varieties called, Pahari, Potwari, and some called Hindko in Mansehra, Muzzaffarabad, and Mirpuri in Jammu. A member of macrolanguage Lahnda [lah].
Arabic script, Nastaliq variant [Aran].