500 (Holm 1989). Ethnic population: 3,500.
San Basilio de Palenque village southeast of Cartagena, and 2 neighborhoods in Barranquilla.
Linguistic influences from Koongo [kng] in Democratic Republic of the Congo (Hancock 1987).
10% of those under 25 speak it (1998 A. Schwegler). Most speakers are older, but younger people are increasingly learning it as L2 and marker of identity (2011 A. Schwegler). Positive attitudes. Most also use Spanish [spa].
People are culturally distinct from nearby Spanish [spa] speakers. Palenque is Spanish for a fortified village of runaway slaves.