Pamona

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A language of Indonesia

Alternate Names
Bare’e, Baree, Poso
Population

L1 users: 137,000 (Lauder et al 2000).

Location

Sulawesi Selatan province: Luwu Utara district, Bone-Bone, Mangkutana, and north Wotu sub-districts; Sulawesi Tengah province: Poso regency, Ampana Kota, Ampanatete, Bungku Tengah, Bungku Utara, Lage, Mori Atas, Pamona Selatan, Pamona Utara, Parigi, Petasia, Poso Kota, Poso Pesisir, Tojo, Ulubongko, and Una-Una sub-districts. 193 villages.

Language Maps
Language Status

6b (Threatened).

Dialects

Pamona, Laiwonu (Iba), Rapangkaka (Aria), Tomoni, Tobau (Bare’e, Tobalo, Tobao), Tokondindi, Topada, Taa (Topotaa, Wana). Laiwonu and Rapangkaka dialects may be separate languages. Lexical similarity: 76% (Taa)–90% among dialects, except for Tombelala [ttp], which has 66%–76% with other Bungku Tengah dialects, and is considered a separate language.

Language Use

Also use Indonesian [ind].

Language Development
Dictionary. Grammar. Texts. NT: 1933–1992.
Writing

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Pamona speakers in Bungku Utara recognize 5 ethnic groups with minor dialect differences: Pusangke, Kajumorangka, Tokasiala, Burangas, and Topotaa. The first 4 are interior mountain dwellers; the Topotaa are coastal. Bungku Tengah recognize 5 varieties: Topotaa (same as Taa), Tobau, Tokondindi, and Topada. Christian.

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