L1 users: 30,000 (2003 SIL).
Niger state: Rafi LGA, Gumna and Tegina districts, between Kusheriki (north), Zungeru (south); Sabon Gari Pangu is center; Kaduna, Minna, Kontagora, and Bida towns. Bordered by Kamuku [cdr], Cahungwarya [nat], Ura [ula], Basa-Kaduna [bsl], Bauchi [bsf], Basa-Gurmana [buj], Gurmana [gvm], and Gbari [gby] language areas.
Tarin, Waga. Lexical similarity: 94%–99% among dialects.
SVO; prepositions; noun classes, noun head initial, question words phrase initial, tense-aspect morphemes precede verb root, verb root suffixes for tense and iterative forms; 25 consonant phonemes, 38 vowel phonemes; 2 tones.
Latin script [Latn], in development.
Sister exchange pattern in marriage (now rarely practiced). Muslim, traditional religion.