Popoloca, San Juan Atzingo


A language of Mexico

Alternate Names
Atzingo Popoloca, Eastern Popoloca, Ngiba, Ngiwa, Popoloca de San Juan Atzingo, Popoloca del Oriente, Southern Popoloca

3,690 (2000 INALI). 500 monolinguals. Most women over 60 functionally monolingual.


Puebla state: San Juan Atzingo.

Language Maps
Language Status

5 (Developing).


None known. 76% intelligibility of Metzontla Popoloca [pbe] (most simlar), 26% of San Felipe Popoloca [pow].


VSO; short words, affixes, clitics; tonal.

Language Use

Vigorous. Onyx and sugarcane workers have team leaders who speak Spanish for them. Some, more among the young, migrate temporarily for jobs, but retain the language. All domains. Oral use in local administration, commerce, religious services. Used by all. Positive attitudes. Many also use Spanish [spa], especially men. Many women who cannot speak Spanish speak Nahuatl for trading in San Gabriel Chilac. Some Nahuatl in Chilac also use some Popoloca.

Language Development

Literacy rate in L1: 30%. Literacy rate in L2: 60%. 2,000 L1 readers, 200 can write. Taught in primary and secondary schools. Dictionary. Grammar. NT: 1982–2016.


Latin script [Latn].

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