Pomo, Central


A language of United States

Alternate Names
Ballo-Kai-Pomo, Cabanapo, H’hana, Habenapo, Khabenapo, Khana, Kulanapan, Kulanapo, Kábinapek, Venaambakaia, Venambakaiia, Yokaia

No known L1 speakers. Last known speaker survived into the late 1990s (1997 M. Mithun). Ethnic population: 4,770 (1997 M. Mithun).


California: north, Hopland and Clear Lake areas; also Point Arena and Manchester on the coast.

Language Status

9 (Dormant). Language of registered tribe: Hopland Band of Pomo Indians, Manchester Band of Pomo Indians of the Manchester Rancheria.


Point Arena, Hopland, Ukiah.

Language Use

Shifted to English [eng]. Intermittent teaching at Hopland.

Language Development

Revitalization efforts underway with a number of language learners.

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