A language of Indonesia

Alternate Names
Koro, Oema, Pipikoro

20,000 (1990 M. Martens), increasing. 15,000 in the region, 5,000 outside (1990 SIL), 500 in Benggaulu.


Central Sulawesi province: Sigi regency, South Kulawi and Pipikoro sub-districts, 32 villages on Lariang river and tributaries; South Sulawesi province: north Luwu regency, enclave within Seko Padang [skx] language area; south Pasangkayu regency, Mamuju sub-district; West Sulawesi province: Lariang river west bank area.

Language Maps
Language Status

5 (Developing).


Winatu (Northern Uma), Tobaku (Dompa, Ompa, Western Uma), Tolee’ (Eastern Uma), Kantewu (Central Uma), Southern Uma (Aria), Benggaulu (Bingkolu), Bana. Literature exists in Kantewu dialect, but many would prefer to read their own dialect.

Language Use

Use vigorous in the Uma homeland. Kantewu is prestige dialect. Among those living outside (e.g., in Palu, Palolo, Gimpu), use is vigorous among adults. For those who move away as adults, Uma remains language of the home. For those who move away as children, half retain Uma as home language. Daily work, local administration, religious services. Used by all. Positive attitudes. Also use Indonesian [ind], Ledo Kaili [lew], Rampi [lje], Seko Padang [skx].

Language Development

Taught in primary schools. Dictionary. Grammar. NT: 1996.


Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Christian, Muslim.

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