Principense

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Alternate Names
Lun’gwiye, “Moncó” (pej.)
Population

200 (1999 SIL). Ethnic population: 1,560.

Location

Príncipe island.

Language Status

8a (Moribund).

Dialects

Substratum largely Kwa [kwb] and Western Bantu; quite distinct from creoles of Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, Gambia, and Cape Verde. Lexical similarity: 77% with Sãotomense [cri], 67% with Angolar [aoa], 62% with Fa d’Ambu [fab].

Language Use

Older adults. Most also speak Portuguese [por]; some learn Sãotomense [cri].