7,600,000 (2011 census), increasing. Ethnic population: 7,600,000. Total users in all countries: 8,990,200.
1 (National). Statutory national language (2004, Constitution, Article 16 (1)).
Tangshew (Tangshuri), Darwazi. Radio Afghanistan broadcasts promote a standardized pronunciation of the literary language based on the old dictional tradition of the country, with archaic phonetic characteristics. Phonological and lexical differences between Iran and Afghanistan cause little difficulty in comprehension. Most Afghan dialects are reportedly more similar to literary Persian than Iranian dialects are. Lexical similarity: 86%–90% among Dari dialects. A member of macrolanguage Persian [fas].
SOV; no articles; verb affixes mark person, number; tense and aspect; causatives; 23 consonants, 7 vowels, 2 diphthongs.
All domains. All ages. Positive attitudes.