Penang Sign Language


A language of Malaysia


1,000, decreasing. 150 monolinguals. Ethnic population: 2,000.


Peninsular, Pulau Pinang State, scattered.

Language Status

8a (Moribund).

Language Use

Home. Mainly older adults. Neutral attitudes. Also use Malaysian Sign Language [xml].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: Up to 50% in English [eng].

Unwritten [Qaax].

Other Comments

Deaf school established 1954, with only oral method. Sign language evolved outside the classroom. Use declined late 1970s due to spread of other sign languages.

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