Pashai, Southeast


A language of Afghanistan

Alternate Names
Pashai, Southeast Pashayi

180,000 (2011 Pashai Language Development Project), increasing. 75,000 Laghman, 95,000 Nangarhar, 10,000 Kunar. 100,000 monolinguals. Ethnic population: 400,000.


Nangarhar province: north of Shewa; Laghman province; Alingar valley area; Upper and Lower Darrai Nur valley, Damench, Shale (Shari).

Language Maps
Language Status

6a (Vigorous). Statutory language of provincial identity in Nangahar, Laghman provinces (2004, Constitution, Article 16(2)).


None known. Somewhat intelligible of Southwest Pashai [psh]; hardly intelligible of Northeast Pashai [aee] and Northwest Pashai [glh]. Lexical similarity: about 30% with Southwest Pashai [psh], Northeast Pashai [aee], and Northwest Pashai [psh].



Language Use

Vigorous. Home, market, all informal settings. Used by all. Positive attitudes. Also use Northern Pashto [pbu], Southern Pashto [pbt].

Language Development

Literacy rate in L2: Less than 20%. Many books for early readers have been produced by the Pashai people as part of their literacy program. The Afghanistan Ministry of Education plans to produce Pashai Language textbooks for first through twelfth grades. The first grade textbook is in progress. Radio. Dictionary. Texts.


Arabic script, Naskh variant [Arab], used in print. Arabic script, Nastaliq variant [Aran], used in handwriting and for book titles.

Other Comments


Page Views Left: