Puma

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A language of Nepal

Puma

Alternate Names
Puma Kala, Puma La, Puma Pima
Language Maps
Population

6,690 (2011 census), decreasing.

Location

Sagarmatha Zone, south Khotang district, Diplung, Chisapani, Devisthan, Mauwabote, and Pauwasera VDCs; Udayapur district, Beltar, and Saunechour VDCs; Ruwa Khola valley to Buwa Khola across the Dudh Koshi southward.

Language Status

6b (Threatened). Language of recognized indigenous nationality: Rai.

Typology

SOV; postpositions; noun head final; content q-word in situ; clause constituents indicated by both case-marking and word order; verbal affixation marks person and number; ergativity; tense and aspect; no passive or voice, but antipassive is a remarkable feature; nontonal.

Language Use

Home, religion, work; mixed use: Friends. Older adults and elderly. Some use among children, adolescents, and young adults. Positive attitudes. Also use Bantawa [bap], Chamling [rab], Nepali [npi].

Language Development
Poetry. Magazines. Films. Videos. Dictionary. Agency: Kirat Puma Rai Tupkhabangkhala.
Writing

Devanagari script [Deva].

Other Comments

Traditional religion, Christian, Hindu.

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