Karen, Pwo Western

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A language of Myanmar

Alternate Names
Bassein Pwo Karen, Delta Pwo Karen, Mon Karen, Mon Kayin, Mutheit, Pathein Pwo Karen, Phlong, Phlong Sho, Pho, Shu, Talaing Karen
Population

210,000, decreasing.

Location

Ayeyarwady region: Einmeh, Maubin, Pathein, Twante, others; Bago region: Kyonpyaw and Hinthada, others; Yangon region: Twante.

Language Status

6b (Threatened).

Dialects

Very little dialectal variation among Western Pwo Karen.

Typology

SVO; prepositions; numeral classifiers; 25 consonants, 11 vowels and 2 diphthongs; tonal (4 tones); verb serialization.

Language Use

Vigorous in villages; lessening in towns. All domains. Some young people, all adults. Positive attitudes. Also use Burmese [mya]. Used as L2 by S’gaw Karen [ksw].

Language Development

Summer and church literacy classes in many communities; used and taught in Bible schools. Dictionary. Bible: 1883–1885.

Writing

Myanmar (Burmese) script [Mymr].

Other Comments

Buddhist, Christian.

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