Quechua, Cusco


A language of Peru

Alternate Names
Cuzco, Cuzco Quechua, Qheswa, Quechua Cusco, Quechua Qosqo-Qollaw, Quechua de Cusco-Collao, Runasimi Qusqu Qullaw
Qheswasimi, Runasimi

1,500,000 (1989 UBS). Total Quechua in Peru 3,500,000–4,400,000 including Quechua I 750,000, Quechua II 2,680,000 (2000 W. Adelaar). 300,000 monolinguals. Ethnic population: 1,500,000.


Apurimac, Arequipa, Cusco, Moquegua, Madre de Dios, and Puno regions.

Language Maps
Language Status

3 (Wider communication).


Caylloma Quechua, Eastern Apurímac Quechua, Puno Quechua. Some dialect differences, but not as distinct as elsewhere. Substantial phonological and morphological differences with Ayacucho Quechua. A member of macrolanguage Quechua [que].



Language Use

City people generally want children to speak primarily Spanish [spa]. Used by all. Most also use Spanish [spa], especially in urban areas, but also in rural areas. Used as L2 by Arequipa-La Unión Quechua [qxu].

Language Development

Literacy rate in L1: 1%–5%. Literacy rate in L2: 62%. Taught in primary schools. Literature. Radio. Dictionary. Grammar. Texts. Bible: 1988.


Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Christian, traditional religion.

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