L1 users: 30,000 (2000 D. Coombs).
Cajamarca region: Chetilla and Los Baños districts; western dialect: Chetilla district, eastern dialect: Porcón and Cajamarca valley areas; La Libertad region: small area on west bank of Rio Marañon.
5 (Developing). Recognized language (1993, Constitution, Article 48).
Relatively strong use in 8 to 10 communities. Strong pressure from Spanish in all communities due to secondary schools and gold mining in the area. Many deny its existence (2000 D. Coombs). Home. Mainly adults. Negative attitudes. Most also use Spanish [spa], speaking a country dialect of it.
Latin script [Latn].