L1 users: 250 (Adelaar 1992). Ethnic population: 900.
Lima region: Pacaraos village.
7 (Shifting). Recognized language (1999, Constitution, Article 48).
None known. Divergent lexically, morphologically, and phonologically from other Quechua. By its archaic features it occupies an important position relative to the reconstruction of Proto-Quechua. Lexical similarity: 94% with Huarí, Cajatambo [qvl], North Junín [qvn], and Carás Quechua. A member of macrolanguage Quechua [que].
Mainly older adults.