L1 users: 81,300 (1999 J. Evans), decreasing. 8,300 Daqishan, 4,100 Taoping, 3,100 Longxi, 14,500 Mianchi, 31,000 Hehu. Around 130,000 total for Northern and Southern Qiang. 80,000 officially classified within Qiang nationality and speakers 50,000 within Tibetan nationality (1990 J-O. Svantesson). No monolinguals. Ethnic population: 306,000 (2000 census).
Sichuan province: Li and Wenchuan counties; south Mao county.
7 (Shifting). Language of recognized nationality: Qiang.
Dajishan (Daqishan), Taoping, Longxi, Mianchi, Heihu, Sanlong, Jiaochang.
SOV; heavy phonemic inventory; few consonant clusters in syllable onsets; tonal, 2–6 tones.
Buddhist, Daoist, traditional religion.