Quechua, Arequipa-La Unión

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A language of Peru

Alternate Names
Arequipa Quechua, Cotahuasi Quechua
Population

L1 users: 18,600 (2000). 10,000 monolinguals. Ethnic population: 32,000.

Location

Arequipa region: La Unión province, Cotahuasi district, Apurímac department, Antabamba province; Ayacucho and Cusco regions.

Language Maps
Language Status

5 (Developing). Recognized language (1993, Constitution, Article 48).

Dialects

Cotahuasi, Northern Arequipa, Highland Arequipa, Antabamba (Apurímac). Reportedly more similar linguistically to Cusco than to Ayacucho. Very similar to Eastern Apurímac [qve]. A member of macrolanguage Quechua [que].

Typology

SOV.

Language Use

Vigorous. Used in some schools. Some families switched to Spanish. Other language speakers use Quechua to talk to monolinguals. Administration, commerce, labor relations, religious services. All ages. Negative attitudes. Considered inferior to Spanish [spa]. Most also use Spanish [spa]. Also use Cusco Quechua [quz], in schools.

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 5%. Literacy rate in L2: 30%. 600 readers, 200 can write. Taught in primary schools. Literature. Radio. Videos. Dictionary. Bible portions: 1993–1998.
Writing

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Christian.

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