Rapa Nui

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A language of Chile

Alternate Names
Easter Island, Rapanui
Population

L1 users: 1,000 (2016 R. Weber). Ethnic population: 5,000 (Kieviet 2016). Approximately 3,600 on Easter Island.

Location

Valparaíso region: Easter Island, 3,800 km from Chile, 4,000 km from Tahiti.

Language Maps
Language Status

6b (Threatened). Recognized language (1993, (Indigenous Peoples) Law No. 19.253).

Dialects

None known. Lexical similarity: 64% with Hawaiian [haw], Mangareva [mrv], and Rarotongan [rar]; 63% with Marquesan [mrq]; 62% with Tahitian [tah] and Tuamotuan [pmt].

Typology

VSO.

Language Use

Was vigorous, but now declining. Young generation losing interest in the language. Revival efforts are in progress (Wurm 2007). Home, education. Some children and adolescents, many adults. All also use Spanish [spa].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 50%–75%. Literacy rate in L2: 80%–90% in Spanish [spa]. Literature. Radio. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible portions: 2003. Agency: Academia de la Lengua Rapa Nui.
Writing

Latin script [Latn].

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