Cook Islands Maori

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A language of Cook Islands

Alternate Names
Cook Island, Kuki Airani, Maori, Māori Kūki ’Āirani, Rarotongan, Te Reo Maori
Population

13,100 in Cook Islands (2011 census), decreasing. 2,035 Aitutaki, 481 Atiu, 573 Mangaia, 307 Mauke, 189 Mitiaro (2011 census). Speaker numbers rapidly decreasing, especially in the diaspora (Wurm 2007). Total users in all countries: 26,830.

Location

Widespread.

Language Maps
Language Status

6b (Threatened). Statutory language of national identity (1965, Constitution, Article 35), limited use in higher government domains.

Dialects

Mitiaro, Mauke, Atiu, Mangaia, Rarotonga, Aitutaki. Lexical similarity: 83% with Tuamotuan [pmt], 79% with Hawaiian [haw], 75% with Mangareva [mrv], 73% with Marquesan [mrq].

Language Use

English [eng] preferred by the younger generation (Wurm 2007). Used as L2 by Pukapuka [pkp].

Language Development
Bible: 1851–1888.
Writing

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Christian.