238,000 in Romania (2003 UNSD). 6,000,000 to 11,000,000 Gypsies in the world (1987 I. Hancock). Total users in all countries: 476,180.
6b (Threatened). Recognized language (2001, Local Public Administration Law No. 215, Article 40(7), others).
Sedentary Romanian, Kalderash (Coppersmith, Kalderari, Kelderashícko), Ukraine-Moldavia, Eastern Vlax Romani (Bisa), Churari (Churarícko, Sievemakers), Lovari (Lovarícko), Machvano (Machvanmcko), North Albanian, South Albanian, Serbo-Bosnian, Zagundzi, Sedentary Bulgarian, Ghagar, Grekurja (Greco), Gabor. Kalderash, Ursari, and Churari are occupational ethnonyms; Machvano is a geographical one. Other names are ‘Argintari’, silversmith and ‘Lingurari’, spoonmakers. Machvano and Serbian Kalderash have south Slavic superstratum; Russian Kalderash influenced by east Slavic, mainly Russian [rus]; Lovari influenced by Hungarian [hun]; Grekurja is probably Turkish [tur] influenced, distinct from Greek Romani dialect of Balkan Romani [rmn]. All 20 or more Vlax dialects are inherently intelligible; differences are mainly lexical and sociolinguistic (I. Hancock). A member of macrolanguage Romany [rom].
Some children are not learning the language.