L1 users: 7,500 (2001 D. Bradley).
Uttarakhand state: Chamoli district, Joshimath sub-district, Bampa, Gamshali, Malari, and Niti villages; Mana valley, Aut, Benakuli, Gajkoti, Hanuman Chatti, Indradhara, Pathiya-Dhantoli, and Mana. Mana and Niti valleys (Marchha), Niti valley (a few Tolchha).
Marchha, Tolchha. A Himalayan language distinct from Tibetan [bod].
Rongpo speakers learn Garhwali simultaneously with Rongpo. Code switching and code mixing are very common. It is uncertain whether stable bilingualism will continue or whether Rongpo will be replaced by Garhwali or Hindi. Home, community. All ages. Also use Garhwali [gbm], Hindi [hin], Kumaoni [kfy].
Many Indo-Aryan loanwords. Grierson and Konow referred to this as the Garhwal dialect of Tibetan (Grierson and Konow 1903–1928). Ranglo or Rang often used as a cover term for Byangs, Chaudangs, Darma, and Rongpo. Hindu.