Rutul

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A language of Russian Federation

Alternate Names
Chal, Mukhad, Myhynnynydy-ch’el, Rutal, Rutultsy, Rutuly
Autonym
мыхӏабишды‎ (Myḥabišdy), мыхӏабишды чӏел‎ (Myḥabišdy č̣el)
Population

30,400 in Russian Federation (2010 census). Ethnic population: 35,200 (2010 census). Total users in all countries: 36,400.

Location

Dagestan republic.

Language Status

5 (Developing). Provincially recognized language in Dagestan Autonomous Republic (1994, Constitution of Dagestan Autonomous Republic, Article 10).

Dialects

North Rutul (Asar-Kala, Ixrek, Luchek, Muxrek, Rutul, Shinaz, Vrush), South Rutul (Borch, Khnov). Dialects not sharply defined.

Language Use

99% as L1. Home. Used by all. Positive attitudes. Most also use Russian [rus].

Language Development

Not a literary language. Some schools teach as a subject. Literature. Grammar. Bible portions: 2005.

Writing

Cyrillic script [Cyrl], used in Russia. Latin script [Latn], used in Azerbaijan.

Other Comments

Dialect groups may be treated as separate languages (Koryakov 2006). Muslim.

Also spoken in:

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