A language of India

Alternate Names
Marrubhasha, Marvadi, Marvari, Marwadi, Rajasthani
मारवाड़ी‎ (Mārwāṛī)

7,830,000 in India (2011 census). Total users in all countries: 7,856,410 (as L1: 7,855,400; as L2: 1,010).


Rajasthan state: Barmer, Bikaner, Churu, Jaisalmer, Jalore, Jodhpur, and Pali districts; Delhi, Gujarat, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, and Uttar Pradesh states; thoughout India.

Language Maps
Language Status

5 (Developing).


Barmeri, Bikaneri, Jaisalmeri, Standard Marwari (Jodhpuri). The standard form of Marwari. May or may not be different from Marwari of Pakistan [mve]. 67% intelligibility of Shekhawati [swv], 61% of Godwari [gdx], 54% of Mewari [mtr], 54% of Dhundari [dhd], 45% of Haroti [hoj], and 45% of Mewati [wtm]. 53% intelligibility of Shekawati by Marwari. Lexical similarity: 50%–65% with Hindi [hin], 69%–76% with Merwari [wry], 72%–87% between dialects, 62%–74% with Godwari [gdx], 61%–77% with Shekawati [swv]. A member of macrolanguage Marwari [mwr].


SOV; postpositions; noun head final; content q-word in situ; clause constituents indicated by case-marking; both tense and aspect; 38 consonant and 10 vowel phonemes; nontonal.

Language Use

Vigorous. Home, village, market, religion. Used by all. Positive attitudes. Also use Hindi [hin], especially educated people.

Language Development

Literacy rate in L1: 5%–10%. Literacy rate in L2: 50%–75%. Literature. Newspapers. Radio. Dictionary. Grammar. Texts. NT: 1820–1821.


Devanagari script [Deva].

Other Comments

Hindu, Jain, Muslim.

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