A language of United States

Alternate Names
Mesquakie, Sac and Fox, Sauk-Fox

250 (Golla 2007). 200 Mesquakie in Iowa, more than 50 Sac and Fox in central Oklahoma, a few Nemaha Sauks on the Kansas-Nebraska border (Golla 2007). Ethnic population: 760 Fox.


Iowa: Tama. Kansas and Nebraska: eastern border area (Mesquakie dialect): Oklahoma: central (Mesquakie dialect); Fox and Sac Reservation (Fox and Sac dialects).

Language Status

8a (Moribund). Language of registered tribe: Sac & Fox Nation, Sac & Fox Nation of Missouri (Kansas and Nebraska), Sac & Fox Tribe of the Mississippi in Iowa.


Fox, Sac (Sauk), Mesquakie. Kansas and Oklahoma groups closely related to Kickapoo [kic] of Oklahoma and Mexico.

Language Use

Shifting to English [eng]. Older adults only. Also use English [eng].

Language Development

Literacy rate in L2: 75%–100%. Literature. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible portions: 1986–2009.


Latin script [Latn].

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