L1 users: 200,000 (Bradley 2007a). Half in Suonanba dialect. 80,000 monolinguals. Ethnic population: 514,000 (Bradley 2007b).
Gansu province: Linxia Hui autonomous prefecture, 7 counties and a city; Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region: Ili Kazak autonomous prefecture, Huocheng and Yining counties.
6b (Threatened). Language of recognized nationality: Dongxiang.
Suonanba (Xiaonan), Wangjiaji, Sijiaji. Some intelligibility with Bonan [peh]. Minor dialect differences in pronunciation and borrowed words. Suonanba considered the standard.
SOV; no vowel harmony or vowel length distinction; rich in consonants including uvulars; case marking.
Shifting to Chinese. Home, religion, local commerce, oral tradition. Positive attitudes. Also use Mandarin Chinese [cmn]. Written Chinese in common use.
30% of vocabulary borrowed from Chinese. Muslim.