528,000 in Pakistan (2004 J. Leclerc), increasing. Total users in all countries: 562,400.
Northern Areas Province, Gilgit, Diamer, and Baltistan districts, scattered villages in Yasin and Ishkoman valleys, Punial, Gilgit, Haramosh, lower Hunza Valley, Chilas area, Darel and Tangir valleys, Astor Valley, Satpara, Kharmang, Kachura, and other small valleys; North-West Frontier Province, east Kohistan district, Sazin, Harban; Azad Kashmir Province, east Neelum district.
Gilgiti (Bagrote, Bunji, Gilgit, Haramosh, Hunza-Nagar, Punial, Rondu), Astori (Astor, Dras, Gurezi, Kharmangi, Satpara), Chilasi Kohistani (Chilas, Darel, Harban, Sazin, Tangir). Gilgit functions as the language standard. Shina is the primary language in Gilgit and Diamer districts. Lexical similarity: 79%–99% within Gilgiti (Northern) dialect subgroup, 81%–96% with Astori (Eastern) subgroup, 84%–98% with Chilas (Diamer) subgroup.