L1 users: 1,020 (2010 census). Central Selkup: 200 speakers, Northern Selkup: 1,000 to 1,500 speakers, Southern Selkup: less than 100 speakers (Salminen 2007). Ethnic population: 3,900 (2010 census).
Tomskaya Oblast’, Yamalo-Nenetskiy Avtonomnyy Okrug, Krasnoyarskiy Kray; northern dialect: Krasnoselkup region, Ratta, Krasnoselkupskaya Tolka, and Krasnoselkup villages; Purovsk region, Tolka Purovskaya village; Krasnoyarsk District, Farkovo; Turukhan river basin; Baikha; southern dialect: north Tomskaya Oblast’ area villages.
Taz (Northern Sel’kup, Tazov-Baishyan), Tym (Kety), Narym (Central Selkup), Srednyaya Ob-Ket (Southern Sel’kup). Dialect continuum with difficult or impossible intelligibility between extremes. Southern speakers separated geographically from others. Northern Selkup literature not usable by Southern and Central.
In Ratta and Purovskaya Tolka almost everybody knows Selkup, including children and other ethnicities. Northern dialect spoken by 90% of people, but not mastered by young adults and children. Southern dialect spoken by 30%; 10–15 adults, all over 70, speak fluently. Most children are monolingual Russian [rus] speakers (Salminen 2007). Mixed attitudes. Attitudes are positive among Northern Selkups, neutral among Central and Southern Selkups. Also use Russian [rus], in most key domains, except perhaps among family.
Cyrillic script [Cyrl].
Formerly lingua franca for Ket, Evenki, Nenets, and Khanty. Traditional religion.