A language of Russian Federation

Alternate Names
Central Selkups, Chumyl’ Khumyt, Northern Selkups, Ostyak Samoyed, Shöl Khumyt, Shösh Gulla, Syusugulla
шӧльӄумыт әты‎ (šöľqumyt әty)

1,020 (2010 census). Central Selkup: 200 speakers, Northern Selkup: 1,000 to 1,500 speakers, Southern Selkup: less than 100 speakers (Salminen 2007). Ethnic population: 3,900 (2010 census).


Tomsk province: Yamalo-Nenets autonomous district; Krasnoyarsk krai: Krasnoselkup region, Krasnoselkup, Krasnoselkupskaya Tolka, and Ratta villages; Krasnoyarsk district, Farkovo; Purovsk region, Tolka Purovskaya village; Turukhan river basin; Baikha (all northern dialect); north Tomsk province area villages (southern dialect).

Language Status

5 (Developing).


Taz (Northern Sel’kup, Tazov-Baishyan), Tym (Kety), Narym (Central Selkup), Srednyaya Ob-Ket (Southern Sel’kup). Dialect continuum with difficult or impossible intelligibility between extremes. Southern speakers separated geographically from others. Northern Selkup literature not usable by Southern and Central.

Language Use

In Ratta and Purovskaya Tolka almost everybody knows Selkup, including children and other ethnicities. Northern dialect spoken by 90% of people, but not mastered by young adults and children. Southern dialect spoken by 30%; 10–15 adults, all over 70, speak fluently. Most children are monolingual Russian [rus] speakers (Salminen 2007). Mixed attitudes. Attitudes are positive among Northern Selkups, neutral among Central and Southern Selkups. Also use Russian [rus], in most key domains, except perhaps among family.

Language Development

Northern dialect taught in schools through fourth grade. Dictionary. Grammar.


Cyrillic script [Cyrl].

Other Comments

Formerly lingua franca for Ket, Evenki, Nenets, and Khanty. Traditional religion.

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