A language of United States


No known L1 speakers. Last speaker, Dorothy Ramon, died in 2002.


California: south, San Bernardino and San Gorgonio Pass area.

Language Status

9 (Dormant). Language of registered tribe: Morongo Band of Cahuilla Mission Indians, San Manual Band of Serrano Mission Indians of the San Maual Reservation, Soboba Band of Luiseño Indians.

Language Use

Shifted to English [eng].

Language Development

Grammar. Active language program at San Miguel (Golla 2007). The San Manuel Band of Mission Indians and Cal State San Bernardino worked out a deal to have a series of Serrano language courses taught at the university during the 2013–2014 academic year, taught by San Manuel’s Serrano Language Revitalization Project staff.

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