Shughni

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A language of Tajikistan

Alternate Names
Shugnan-Rushan
Population

40,000 in Tajikistan (1975 SIL). 20,000 Shugan, 1,500–2,000 Oroshor, 15,000 Rushan. Population total all countries: 80,000. Ethnic population: 73,000 (1990 A. Kibrik) including 50,000 Shugni, 2,000 Oroshor, 18,000 Rushan, 800 Khufi, 3,000 Bartang.

Location

Gorno-Bagakhshan, Pamir mountains. Also in Afghanistan.

Language Status

6a (Vigorous).

Dialects

Bartangi (Bartang), Khufi (Chuf, Khuf), Oroshor (Roshorvi), Rushani (Oroshani, Roshani, Rushan), Shughni (Khugni, Shighni, Shugan, Shugnan). Khufi and Bartangi dialects may be separate languages. Oroshani may be separate from Rushani. Not intelligible of Sarikoli [srh] (called, Tajiki, in China).

Language Use

Home. All ages. Positive attitudes. Tajiki [tgk] used as literary language.

Language Development
Poetry. Dictionary. Bible portions: 2001.
Writing
Arabic script, used in Afghanistan. Cyrillic script, used in Tajikistan. Latin script, used in Tajikistan.
Other Comments

Traditional territory and way of life. Muslim (Ismaili).

Also spoken in:

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