L1 users: 40,000 (1975 SIL). 20,000 Shugan, 1,500–2,000 Oroshor, 15,000 Rushan. Ethnic population: 73,800 (1990 A. Kibrik). Includes 50,000 Shugni, 2,000 Oroshor, 18,000 Rushan, 800 Khufi, 3,000 Bartang. Total users in all countries: 80,000.
Kuhistoni Badakhshon region: Pamir mountains.
Rushani (Oroshani, Roshani, Rushan), Bartangi (Bartang), Oroshor (Roshorvi), Khufi (Chuf, Khuf), Shughni (Khugni, Shighni, Shugan, Shugnan). Khufi and Bartangi dialects may be separate languages. Oroshani may be separate from Rushani. Not intelligible of Sarikoli [srh] (called, Tajiki, in China).
Home. All ages. Positive attitudes. Also use Tajiki [tgk], as a literary language.
Traditional territory and way of life. Muslim.