Ninam

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A language of Brazil

Alternate Names
Xirixana, Yanam
Population

L1 users: 800 (2010 C. Luz). About evenly divided between northern and southern dialects. 15,700 for all Yanomam groups in Brazil (2006 FUNASA). Most are monolingual. Ethnic population: 1,200 (C. Luz). Total users in all countries: 900.

Location

Roraima state: Mucajaí, Paragua, Roraima, and upper Uraricaá rivers.

Language Status

6a (Vigorous).

Dialects

Southern Ninam (Mukajai, Shirishana), Northern Ninam (Shiriana, Uraricaa-Paragua).

Language Use

All ages. Some also use Portuguese [por], especially children. Used as L2 by Arutani [atx].

Language Development
Bible portions: 1970.
Writing

Latin script [Latn], no longer in use.

Other Comments

Distinct from the Arawakan Xiriâna [xir].

Also spoken in:

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