Ninam

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A language of Brazil

Alternate Names
Xirixana, Yanam
Population

800 in Brazil (2010 C. Luz). About evenly divided between northern and southern dialects. 15,700 for all Yanomam groups in Brazil (2006 FUNASA). Most are monolingual. Ethnic population: 1,200 (C. Luz). Total users in all countries: 900.

Location

Roraima state: Mucajaí, Paragua, Roraima, and upper Uraricaá rivers.

Language Status

6a (Vigorous).

Dialects

Southern Ninam (Mukajai, Shirishana), Northern Ninam (Shiriana, Uraricaa-Paragua).

Language Use

All ages. Some also use Portuguese [por], especially children. Used as L2 by Arutani [atx].

Language Development
Bible portions: 1970.
Writing

Latin script [Latn], no longer in use.

Other Comments

Distinct from the Arawakan Xiriâna [xir].

Also spoken in:

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