A language of United States

Alternate Names

1,000 (Golla 2007). There are an additional 1,000 speakers who are not fluent (Golla 2007). Ethnic population: 7,000 (1977 SIL).


Idaho: Fort Hall Reservation; Nevada: central to northeast. Wyoming: Wind River Reservation (Northern Shoshoni dialect); Utah: west (Gosiute dialect).

Language Status

6b (Threatened).


Gosiute (Goshute), Western Shoshoni, Northern Shoshoni. Wind River Shoshoni is a subdialect of Northern Shoshoni, spoken at Wind River Reservation. Reportedly similar to Comanche [com] and Timbisha [par], which are not inherently intelligible of Shoshoni.

Language Use

Mostly adults 50 and older but a few children learn the language as L1 in Duck Valley and Gusiute communities. Also use English [eng].

Language Development
Idaho State University offers a 2-year language program (Golla 2007). Literacy is increasing. Dictionary. Bible portions: 1986. Strong interest in revitalization but efforts are scattered with little coordination (Golla 2007).

Latin script [Latn].

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