Shoshoni

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A language of United States

Alternate Names
Shoshone
Population

1,000 (Golla 2007). There are an additional 1,000 speakers who are not fluent (Golla 2007). Ethnic population: 7,000 (1977 SIL).

Location

Idaho: Fort Hall Reservation; Nevada: central to northeast. Wyoming: Wind River Reservation (Northern Shoshoni dialect); Utah: west (Gosiute dialect).

Language Status

6b (Threatened). Language of registered tribe: Confederated Tribes of the Goshute Reservation (Nevada and Utah), Duckwater Shoshone Tribe of the Duckwater Reservation, Ely Shoshone Tribe of Nevada, Fort McDermitt Paiute and Shoshone Tribes of the Fort McDermitt Indian Reservation (Nevada and Oregon), Lone Pine Paiute-Shoshone Tribe, Northwestern Band of Shoshoni Nation, Paiute-Shoshone Tribe of the Fallon Reservation and Colony, Reno-Sparks Indian Colony, Shoshone-Bannock Tribes of the Fort Hall Reservation of Idaho, Shoshone-Paiute Tribes of the Duck Valley Reservation, Shoshone Tribe of the Wind River Reservation, Skull Valley Band of Goshute Indians of Utah, Te-Moak Tribe of Western Shoshone Indians of Nevada, Winnemucca Indian Colony of Nevada, Yomba Shoshone Tribe of the Yomba Reservation.

Dialects

Gosiute (Goshute), Western Shoshoni, Northern Shoshoni. Wind River Shoshoni is a subdialect of Northern Shoshoni, spoken at Wind River Reservation. Reportedly similar to Comanche [com] and Timbisha [par], which are not inherently intelligible of Shoshoni.

Language Use

Mostly adults 50 and older but a few children learn the language as L1 in Duck Valley and Gusiute communities. Also use English [eng].

Language Development
Idaho State University offers a 2-year language program (Golla 2007). Literacy is increasing. Dictionary. Bible portions: 1986. Strong interest in revitalization but efforts are scattered with little coordination (Golla 2007).
Writing

Latin script [Latn].

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