A language of Morocco

Alternate Names
Shilha, Soussiya, Southern Shilha, Susiya, Tachilhit, Tashelheyt, Tashelhit, Tashilheet, Tashlhiyt, Tasoussit

3,890,000 in Morocco (2004 census). Total users in all countries: 3,896,000.


Souss-Massa-Drâa, Guelmim-Es Semara, Marrakesh-Tensift-Al Haouz, and Tadla-Azilal regions: coast south to Ifni, north to near Agadir, northeast to Marrakech outskirts, east to Drâa, including Sous valley, and south near the border.

Language Status

5 (Developing).


Prepositions; gender (masculine/feminine); case-marking (marked, unmarked); verb affixes mark person, number, gender of subject; tense and aspect; 32 consonant and 3 vowel phonemes.

Language Use

Many also use Moroccan Spoken Arabic [ary], especially men but few women.

Language Development
Taught in primary schools, occasionally. Poetry. Newspapers. New media. Radio programs. Films. TV. Videos. Dictionary. Grammar. NT: 2010.

Arabic script, Naskh variant [Arab]. Latin script [Latn]. Tifinagh (Berber) script [Tfng], official usage.

Other Comments

‘Shilha’ is the Arabic name for Moroccan Berber varieties in general. Muslim.

Also spoken in:

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