Arabic, Chadian Spoken

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A language of Chad

Alternate Names
Arabe Choa, Chad Arabic, Chadian Arabic, Chowa, L’arabe du Tchad, Shua, Shua Arabic, Shuwa Arabic, Suwa
Population

1,320,000 in Chad (2013 J. Leclerc), increasing. Total users in all countries: 1,633,000 (as L1: 1,563,000; as L2: 70,000).

Location

Widespread, center and south.

Language Status

3 (Wider communication).

Dialects

Dialects depend on whether their speakers are sedentary or nomads, rural or urban, and on migration routes. A pidginized variety, commonly called, Bongor Arabic, is spoken as L2 by many in the Mayo-Kebbi and other parts of south Chad. A member of macrolanguage Arabic [ara].

Language Use

Positive attitudes. Used as L2 by Amdang [amj], Assangori [sjg], Bagirmi [bmi], Barein [bva], Besme [bes], Bidiyo [bid], Bolgo [bvo], Bon Gula [glc], Bua [bub], Buduma [bdm], Dangaléat [daa], Dar Daju Daju [djc], Dar Sila Daju [dau], Dazaga [dzg], Fania [fni], Gula [glu], Gula Iro [glj], Kanembu [kbl], Kenga [kyq], Kibet [kie], Koke [kou], Kulfa [kxj], Lagwan [kot], Maba [mde], Mabire [muj], Mararit [mgb], Marfa [mvu], Masalit [mls], Masmaje [mes], Mawa [mcw], Migaama [mmy], Mogum [mou], Mser [kqx], Mubi [mub], Mukulu [moz], Naba [mne], Runga [rou], Saba [saa], Sinyar [sys], Sokoro [sok], Tama [tma], Tamki [tax], Tedaga [tuq], Toram [trj], Tunia [tug], Zaghawa [zag], Zan Gula [zna], Zerenkel [zrn].

Language Development
Primary school program. Dictionary. Grammar. NT: 1967–1991.
Writing

Arabic script, Naskh variant [Arab]. Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Shuwa Arabic is the name used in other countries for the dialect near Lake Chad. Muslim.

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