15,500,000 in Sri Lanka (2007). Population total all countries: 15,613,980. L2 users: 2,000,000 in Sri Lanka (1997).
Widespread except some districts north, east, and center.
1 (National). Statutory national language (1987, Constitution (amended), Article 18).
Rodiya. Great differences exist between literary and colloquial language. Rodiya dialect is spoken by low caste Rodiya people.
SOV; 7 long vowels, 7 short vowels, 24 consonants, including 4 which are prenasalized; gender, number, and case agreement between subject and verb in literary Sinhala.