16,000,000 in Sri Lanka, all users. L1 users: 14,000,000 (2012). L2 users: 2,000,000 (1997). Total users in all countries: 16,210,660 (as L1: 14,210,660; as L2: 2,000,000).
Widespread except some districts north, east, and center.
1 (National). Statutory national language (1987, Constitution (amended), Article 18).
Rodiya. Great differences exist between literary and colloquial language. Rodiya dialect is spoken by low caste Rodiya people.
SOV; postpositions; noun head final; gender (masculine/feminine/neuter); indefinite article suffix; case-marking (5 cases); tense and aspect; causatives; 23 consonants and 13 vowels; non-tonal.