Sinhala

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A language of Sri Lanka

Alternate Names
Cingalese, Singhala, Singhalese, Sinhalese
Population

15,500,000 in Sri Lanka (2007). Population total all countries: 15,579,980. L2 users: 2,000,000 in Sri Lanka (1997).

Location

Widespread except some districts north, east, and center.

Language Maps
Language Status

1 (National). Statutory national language (1987, Constitution (amended), Article 18).

Dialects

Rodiya. Great differences exist between literary and colloquial language. Rodiya dialect is spoken by low caste Rodiya people.

Typology

SOV; 7 long vowels, 7 short vowels, 24 consonants, including 4 which are prenasalized; gender, number, and case agreement between subject and verb in literary Sinhala.

Language Development
Fully developed. Bible: 1823–1982.
Writing

Braille script [Brai]. Sinhala script [Sinh], primary usage.

Other Comments

Buddhist.

Also spoken in:

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