30,000 (2000 A. Jun). Few monolinguals. Ethnic population: 189,000 (2000 census).
Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, Qapqal, Huocheng, Gongliu, Xinyuan, Nilka, Tekes, and Zhaosu counties; Ili prefecture, Yining city; Tacheng prefecture, Tacheng county; Bortala prefecture, Bole county, Ürümqi city.
6b (Threatened). Statutory language of provincial identity in Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (1984, Ethnic Regional Autonomy Act, Articles 10 and 21).
Inherently intelligible of Manchu [mnc].
SOV; genitives, articles, adjectives, numerals precede noun heads; question word initial; complex vowel harmony
Officially classified within Xibe nationality. Descendants of an 18th century Qing dynasty military garrison. Loans from Uyghur, Kazakh, and Chinese. Traditional religion.