A language of India

Alternate Names

2,260,000 (2011 census).


Bihar state: Katihar, Kishanganj, and Purnea districts; West Bengal state: Dakshin Dinajpur and Uttar Dinajpur districts.

Language Maps
Language Status

6a (Vigorous).


None known. Preliminary survey results show intelligibility of Nepali Rajbanshi [rjs]. Lexical similarity: 70%–74% with Hindi [hin], 67%–71% with the western variety of Kamta [rkt] spoken near Dinajpur, 77%–86% with varieties of Surjapuri.

Language Use

Vigorous. Home, village. Used by all. Positive attitudes. Also use Hindi [hin].

Language Development

Literacy rate in L2: Low (2006 M. Toulmin). Different scripts in Nepal and India. Bible portions: 2011.


Devanagari script [Deva].

Other Comments

Possible alternate names are Chaupal, Choupal, and Suraji, but surveyors did not find these terms used. Historically more closely related to Kamta [rkt] and Rajbanshi [rjs] than Hindi [hin], a relationship borne out by greater morphological similarity. (2006 M. Toulmin).

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