1,220,000 (2001 census).
Bihar state: Bhojpur, Buxar, Patna, and Saran districts; Uttar Pradesh state: Ballia district.
Vigorous. Home, village. All ages. Positive attitudes. Also use Hindi [hin].
Literacy rate in L2: Low (2006 M. Toulmin). Different scripts in Nepal and India. Bible portions: 2011.
Devanagari script [Deva].