Saraiki

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A language of Pakistan

Alternate Names
Seraiki, Siraiki
Autonym
سرائیکی‎ (Saraiki)
Population

20,000,000 (2013). Total users in all countries: 20,068,000.

Location

Balochistan province: Barkhan, Jaffarabad, Jhal Magsi, Nasirabad, and Sibi districts; Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa province: Dera Ismail Khan, Kohat, and Tank districts; Punjab province: Attock, Bahawalnagar, Bahawalpur, Bhakkar, Chakwal, Chiniot, Dera Ghazi Khan, Faisalabad, Hafizabad, Jhang, Jhelum, Khanewal, Khushab, Layyah, Lodhran, Mandi Bahauddin, Mianwali, Multan, Muzaffargarh, Okara, Pakpattan, Rahim Yar Khan, Rajanpur, Sahiwal, Sargodha, Toba Tek Singh, and Vehari districts; Sindh province: Dadu, Ghotki, Jacobabad, Kashmore, Khairpur, and Sukkur districts. Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa province: Dera Ismail Khan; Punjab province: Bahawalpur, Dera Ghazi Khan, Layyah, Mianwali, Multan, and Muzaffargarh districts (Central dialect); Punjab province: Bahawalnagar, Chiniot, Jhang, Kamalia, Mandi Bahauddin, Okara, Pindi Bhattian, Sahiwal, and Sargodha districts (Eastern dialect); Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa province: Kohat district; Punjab province: Attock, Chakwal, and Jhelum districts (Northern dialect); Sindh province (Sindhi Saraiki dialect); Balochistan province; Punjab province: Rahim Yar Khan and Rajanpur districts; Sindh province: Dadu, Ghotki, Jacobabad, Kashmore, and Sukkur districts (Southern dialect).

Language Status

4 (Educational).

Dialects

Sindhi Saraiki (Sindh aali Saraiki), Central Saraiki, Southern Saraiki, Northern Saraiki, Eastern Saraiki (Dibhari Saraiki). Dialects blend together into Punjabi east and Sindhi [snd] south. 80% intelligibility of Dogri [dgo]. Lexical similarity: 85% with Sindhi [snd]; 68% with Dhatki [mki], Od [odk], and Sansi [ssi]. A member of macrolanguage Lahnda [lah].

Language Use

All ages. Also use Urdu [urd]. Used as L2 by Aer [aeq], Central Pashto [pst], Eastern Balochi [bgp], Khetrani [xhe], Marwari [mve], Northern Hindko [hno], Sansi [ssi], Sindhi [snd], Southern Hindko [hnd], Western Punjabi [pnb].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: 5%–15%. Taught in secondary schools. Radio. TV. Grammar. NT: 1819.
Writing

Arabic script, Naskh variant [Arab]. Arabic script, Nastaliq variant [Aran], primary usage. Devanagari script [Deva], no longer in use. Gurmukhi script [Guru], no longer in use. Khojki script [Khoj].

Other Comments

Saraiki is taught at the university level in at least 2 university programs. Muslim, Hindu.

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