Southern Lushootseed


A language of United States

Alternate Names
Southern Puget Sound Salish

No known L1 speakers. Last known speaker, Ellen Williams, died in 2016. Ethnic population: 210 (2010 census).


Washington: Auburn, Muckleshoot Reservation.

Language Status

9 (Dormant). Language of registered tribe: Nisqually Indian Tribe, Snoqualmie Indian Tribe, Squaxin Island Tribe of the Squaxin Island Reservation, Suquamish Indian Tribe of the Port Madison Reservation, Tulalip Tribes of Washington.


Duwamish, Muckleshoot, Nisqually, Puyallup, Snoqualmie, Suquh, Southern Lushootseed, Sahewamish, Suquamish, Skykomish.

Language Use

Shifted to English [eng].


Unwritten [Qaax].

Other Comments

Lushootseed is the name used by most scholars for Southern Lushootseed, Skagit [ska], and Snohomish [sno] as a group.

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