L1 users: 1,910,000 (European Commission 2012). Total users in all countries: 2,104,630.
1 (National). Statutory national language (1991, Constitution, Article 11).
Lower Carniola, Upper Carniola, Stajerski, Primorski, Prekmurski. The literary dialect between the 2 main dialects is based on Dolenjsko. Dialects diverse.
SVO; prepositions; noun head final; gender (masculine/feminine/neuter); dual number; no articles; case-marking (6 cases); verb affixes mark number, person; passives; tense and aspect; comparatives; 21 consonants, 8 vowels, 2 diphthongs; tonal (in some dialects); free stress.