Slovene

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A language of Slovenia

Alternate Names
Slovenian, Slovenscina
Population

1,910,000 in Slovenia (European Commission 2012). Total users in all countries: 2,075,410.

Location

Widespread.

Language Maps
Language Status

1 (National). Statutory national language (1991, Constitution, Article 11).

Dialects

Lower Carniola, Upper Carniola, Stajerski, Primorski, Prekmurski. The literary dialect between the 2 main dialects is based on Dolenjsko. Dialects diverse.

Typology

SVO; prepositions; noun head final; gender (masculine/feminine/neuter); dual number; no articles; case-marking (6 cases); verb affixes mark number, person; passives; tense and aspect; comparatives; 21 consonants, 8 vowels, 2 diphthongs; tonal (in some dialects); free stress.

Language Use

Many also use Croatian [hrv] (European Commission 2006), English [eng] (European Commission 2006), Standard German [deu] (European Commission 2006).

Language Development
Fully developed. Bible: 1584–1996.
Writing

Braille script [Brai]. Latin script [Latn], primary usage.

Also spoken in:

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