Saami, Inari


A language of Finland

Alternate Names
Anar, Saam, Saame, Samic, Sámi, “Finnish Lapp” (pej.), “Inari Lappish” (pej.), “Lapp” (pej.)

300 (2001 census). 1,830 all Saami in Finland (2010 census). Ethnic population: 700 (1995 M. Krauss).


Lapland region: mostly Utsjoki border town area between Lake Inari and Norway border.

Language Status

2 (Provincial). Statutory provincial language in Sodankyla in Lapland, 3 municipalities elsewhere (2003, Sami Language Act No. 1086).

Language Use

Few children used to learn it before the founding of the first Inari Saami language nest in 1997. Now a substantial portion of youth are growing as functional bilinguals (Salminen 2007). Also use Finnish [fin], especially in instruction in schools.

Language Development

Literacy rate in L1: 30%–100%. Literacy rate in L2: 75%–100%. Bible portions: 1903–1980.


Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Some literature.

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