Saami, Skolt


A language of Finland

Alternate Names
Kolta, Koltta, Lopar, Russian Lapp, Saame, Same, Skolt Lappish, “Lapp” (pej.)

300 in Finland (Salminen 2007). 1,830 all Saami in Finland (2010 census). Ethnic population: 500 (1995 M. Krauss). Total users in all countries: 320.


Lapland region: Inari municipality, Sevettijärvi area.

Language Status

7 (Shifting). Statutory language of provincial identity in Sodankyla in Lapland, 3 municipalities elsewhere (2003, Sami Language Act No. 1086).

Language Use

Very few children learn the language (Salminen 2007). Adults only. Also use Finnish [fin].

Language Development

Literacy rate in L1: 10%–60%. Literacy rate in L2: 75%–100%. Dictionary. Bible portions: 1878–1988.


Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Moved to Finland from Russia during World War II. Christian.

Also spoken in:

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