Saami, Skolt


A language of Finland

Saami, Skolt

Alternate Names
Kolta, Koltta, “Lapp” (pej.), Lopar, Russian Lapp, Saame, Same, Skolt Lappish

300 in Finland (Salminen 2007). 1,830 all Saami in Finland (2010 census). Ethnic population: 500 (1995 M. Krauss). Total users in all countries: 650.


Lapland region: Inari municipality, Sevettijärvi area.

Language Status

7 (Shifting). Statutory language of provincial identity in Sodankyla in Lapland, 3 municipalities elsewhere (2003, Sami Language Act No. 1086).

Language Use

Very few children learn the language (Salminen 2007). Mainly older adults. Also use Finnish [fin].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 10%–60%. Literacy rate in L2: 75%–100%. Dictionary. Bible portions: 1878–1988.

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Moved to Finland from Russia during World War II. Christian.

Also spoken in:

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