Sindhi

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A language of Pakistan

Autonym
سنڌي‎ (Sindhi)
Population

L1 users: 22,700,000 (2015 World Factbook). Ethnic population: 26,000,000 (2014 World Factbook). Total users in all countries: 24,445,500.

Location

Balochistan province: Khuzdar and Lasbela districts; Sindh province: widespread, Indus river lower reaches; Hyderabad, Karachi.

Language Status

2 (Provincial). De facto provincial language in Sindh.

Dialects

Lari, Lasi, Thareli, Vicholo (Central Sindhi, Viccholi, Vicholi), Macharia, Dukslinu (Hindu Sindhi), Sindhi Musalmani (Muslim Sindhi), Shikari Bhil, Katiawari Kachi. Some southern Bhil groups speak dialects of Sindhi. 100,000 in rural Sindh originally from Kathiawar Peninsula in India are Muslims, exhibit widespread bilingualism in Sindh, and are almost completely assimilated with the Sindhi people.

Typology

SOV; noun head final; gender (masculine/feminine); case-marking (8 cases); verb affixes mark person, number, gender of subject; passives; tense and aspect; 24 consonant and 15 vowel phonemes;.

Language Use

Also use Saraiki [skr], in northern Sind. Used as L2 by Aer [aeq], Bagri [bgq], Dhatki [mki], Ghera [ghr], Goaria [gig], Gurgula [ggg], Jandavra [jnd], Jogi [jog], Loarki [lrk], Marwari [mve], Memoni [mby], Od [odk], Parkari Koli [kvx], Sansi [ssi], Sindhi Bhil [sbn], Vaghri [vgr].

Language Development
Literature. Radio. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible: 1954.
Writing

Arabic script, Naskh variant [Arab]. Devanagari script [Deva]. Gurmukhi script [Guru], used in India.

Other Comments

Shikari (hunter) Bhils are a nomadic group of 2,000 to 3,000 who live in south Sindh Province, centered around Badin, and have adopted the Sindhi language. Muslim, Hindu.

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