Sindhi

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A language of Pakistan

Population

18,500,000 in Pakistan (Johnstone and Mandryk 2001). Population total all countries: 20,270,500.

Location

Widepread in Sindh Province, lower reaches, Indus river; Karachi, Hyderabad; Balochistan Province, Lasbela and Khuzdar districts.

Language Status

2 (Provincial). De facto provincial language in Sindh.

Dialects

Dukslinu (Hindu Sindhi), Katiawari Kachi, Lari, Lasi, Macharia, Shikari Bhil, Sindhi Musalmani (Muslim Sindhi), Thareli, Vicholo (Central Sindhi, Viccholi, Vicholi). Some southern Bhil groups speak dialects of Sindhi. 100,000 in rural Sindh originally from Kathiawar Peninsula in India are Muslims, exhibit widespread bilingualism in Sindh, and are almost completely assimilated with the Sindhi people.

Language Use

Used as L2 by Aer [aeq], Bagri [bgq], Dhatki [mki], Ghera [ghr], Goaria [gig], Gurgula [ggg], Jandavra [jnd], Loarki [lrk], Marwari [mve], Memoni [mby], Od [odk], Parkari Koli [kvx], Sansi [ssi], Sindhi Bhil [sbn], Vaghri [vgr].

Language Development
Radio programs. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible: 1954.
Writing

Arabic script, Nastaliq variant [Aran]. Devanagari script [Deva]. Gurmukhi script [Guru], used in India.

Other Comments

Shikari (hunter) Bhils are a nomadic group of 2,000 to 3,000 who live in south Sindh Province, centered around Badin, and have adopted the Sindhi language. Muslim, Hindu.

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