Ma’di, Southern


A language of Uganda


60,000 (2010 SIL), increasing.


Arua district: Madi-Okollo county; Nebbi, Nyadri, Yumbe, and Zombo districts.

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Language Status

6a (Vigorous).


Okollo (Ma’di Okollo), Ogoko, Rigbo. Reportedly more similar to Lugbara [lgg] than to Ma’di (Moyo) [mhi], which they do not understand. Ogoko and Rigbo dialects are more similar to Lugbara [lgg] than Okollo; intelligibility testing needed. Okollo considered most pure. Southern Ma’di dialects in Rigbo, Ogoko, and Okollo areas, should be considered Lugbara dialects (1992 SIL). Lexical similarity: 85% between Ogoko dialect and Adjumani Ma’di [mhi], 83% between Okollo and Ogoko, 80% between Ogoko and Arua Lugbara, 80% between Ogoko and Moyo Ma’di, 78% between Ogoko and Moyo Ma’di, 76% between Okollo dialect and Arua Lugbara [lgg], 64% between Okollo and Moyo Ma’di, 59% between Okollo and Adjumani Ma’di [mhi] (Boone and Watson 1999).

Language Use

Home, work, markets. Used by all. Positive attitudes. Also use English [eng], Lugbara [lgg], Swahili [swh].

Language Development

Taught in primary schools. Bible portions: 2014.


Latin script [Latn].

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